Pol pot was born in 1925 (as saloth sar) into a farming family in central cambodia, which was then part of french indochina in 1949, at age 20, he traveled to paris on a scholarship to study radio electronics but became absorbed in marxism and neglected his studies. During his time in power pol pot imposed a version of agrarian collectivization whereby city dwellers were relocated to the countryside to work in collective farms and forced labor projects with the goal of restarting civilization in year zero. After the invasion of cambodia's capital, phnom penh on april 17 1975, pol pot declared year zero a program to purify cambodian society of capitalism this meant forcing people to evacuate villages, cities and towns to the countryside. (according to one source, pol pot comes from the french words politique potentielle) after taking control of cambodia, pol pot declared the year zero this meant much more than restarting the calendar it was a means of emphasizing that all that was familiar in the lives of cambodians was to be destroyed. Pol pot (uk: / p ɒ l p ɒ t /, us: / p oʊ l / khmer: ប៉ុល ពត born saloth sar 19 may 1925 - 15 april 1998) was a cambodian communist revolutionary and politician who served as the general secretary of the communist party of kampuchea from 1963 to 1981.
This is a school project pol pot victims in cambodia- holidays in the danger zone - america was here- bbc documentary - duration: 2:43 bbc studios 35,784 views. During the khmer rouge's nascent days, the movement's leader, pol pot, had grown to admire the way the tribes on the outskirts of cambodia's jungles lived, free of buddhism, money or education, and now he wanted to foist the same philosophy on the entire nation. Setting the calendar to year zero, pol pot and the khmer rouge embarked on building what they considered to be the new cambodia the khmer rouge was one of the most brutal regimes of the.
Elly piatt, emily thaman, morgan briede, and julia hughes' 2017 national history day: taking a stand in history documentary this documentary focuses on the khmer rouge and the resistance taken. Teachers, artists, and intellectuals were especially singled out and executed during the purges accompanying pol pot's year zero arts, music, theater, film, and other forms of cultural cultivation were banned under the khmer rouge. In 1979, after pol pot was toppled by vietnam and his crimes well known, the us and other countries supported the khmer rouge being granted cambodia's seat at the united nations, making them the. Pol pot became the de facto leader of cambodia in mid-1975 during his time in power, pol pot imposed a version of agrarian collectivization, forcing city dwellers to relocate to the countryside to work in collective farms and forced labour projects, toward a goal of restarting civilization in year zero the combined effects of slave labor.
Pol pot, who created in cambodia one of the 20th century's most brutal and radical regimes, died on wednesday of heart failure, according to his cambodian jailers he was 73 years old already. Year zero: the silent death of cambodia 50min | documentary , history , war | 30 october 1979 (uk) disturbing documentary, shot on site less than a year after the khmer rouge downfall, depicting the shocking situation and recent history of cambodia. Year zero after five years of bloody civil war, the khmer rouge marched into phnom penh, the capital of cambodia, on 17 april 1975 there was no resistance from the forces of the toppled republican government and the whole city, its population swollen by refugees from the fighting, was relieved that peace had come at last. Declaring 1975 year zero in the country, pol pot isolated kampuchea from the global community he resettled hundreds of thousands of the country's city-dwellers in rural farming communes.
Khieu samphan, the 83-year-old former head of state, and nuon chea, 88, deputy to the dictator pol pot, were sentenced over alleged crimes committed in the 1970s in which up to two million cambodians are believed to have died the two octogenarians were leading exponents of the totalitarian fantasy: year zero. Led by pol pot, they reset the calendar to 'year zero' and attempted to transform cambodia into their vision of a communist, rural society all inhabitants of cambodian cities and towns were. But pol pot's rise to power, the cambodian genocide, and the absence of justice for the kr's victims are inseparable from broader us intervention policies in indochina from 1945-1991 — in particular, the us's vicious bombing campaign waged against cambodia.
The khmer rouge ruled cambodia between 1975 and 1979 in only four years, the regime enacted a genocide that killed one-fourth of the country's population under the leadership of pol pot, the. Pol pot, inspired by mao zedong's cultural revolution of communist china, then attempted to build his own agrarian utopia in cambodia, which he renamed the democratic republic of kampuchea pol pot declared the year zero and began to purify society. Year zero was the dawn of an age in which, in extremis, there would be no families, no sentiment, no expression of love or grief, no medicines, no hospitals, no schools, no books, no learning, no holidays, no music: only work and death 'if people can build angkor wat,' said pol pot in 1977, 'they can do anything.
Declaring that the nation would start again at year zero, pol pot isolated his people from the rest of the world and set about emptying the cities, abolishing money, private property and. Ten years later, in 1972, the population was estimated to have reached 71 million using pol pot's rather modest figure of 800,000 deaths, about 11 percent of the population would have died from. The new rulers of cambodia call 1975 'year zero', the dawn of an age in which there will be no families, no sentiment, no expressions of love or grief, no medicines, no hospitals, no schools, no books, no learning, no holidays, no music, no song, no post, no money - only work and death.
The term year zero (khmer: ឆ្នាំសូន្យ chhnam saun), applied to the takeover of cambodia in april 1975 by the khmer rouge, is an analogy to the year one of the french revolutionary calendar. 1979 the shocking state of cambodia after pol pot's murderous regime. A journalist is trapped in cambodia during tyrant pol pot's bloody 'year zero' cleansing campaign, which claimed the lives of two million 'undesirable' civilians.